Gastritis is a fairly common disease of the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by the development of an inflammatory process in the gastric mucosa. Improper diet becomes one of the causes of the disease. Therefore, when the stomach starts to ache, you should urgently consult a specialist to make a diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment. If a specialist diagnoses inflammation of the lining of the gastric cavity, he will most likely prescribe a diet for gastritis in addition to the main treatment.
Developmental factors and characteristic signs of gastritis
Gastritis, like most other diseases, has two forms of existence - acute and chronic. In addition, the disease can develop in the background of both high and low acidity.
The direct causes of one form or another of gastritis are:
- gastric damage to a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori;
- consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- long-term use of certain drugs;
- presence of parasites in the body.
In addition to the immediate causes of gastritis, there are also internal causes:
- genetic predisposition to diseases of the digestive system;
- duodenal reflux characterized by discharge from the bile duodenum into the gastric cavity;
- autoimmune processes in which the immune system fights with cells in the body;
- hormonal disorders.
The main signs of gastritis with high acidity are:
- pain in the upper abdomen. Gastric pain usually resolves after a meal;
- frequent diarrhea;
- heartburn attacks involving the use of acidic foods;
- the presence of belching.
Signs of low acid gastritis:
- discomfort in the mouth;
- belching accompanied by the smell of rotten eggs;
- stool problems - diarrhea followed by constipation;
- morning sickness;
- unpleasant odor from the mouth;
- drooping in the stomach.
Diet against gastritis with low acidity
As we said, if your stomach hurts, you should start treatment immediately. In addition to medication, the gastroenterologist should follow a gastric gastritis diet, the menu of which is determined by the physician.
The first rule of the diet in gastric gastritis: the menu (especially in the acute form of the disease) should not contain irritants. The diet of the sick person should be based on the severity of the disease. Thus, for example, in the case of gastritis, which develops in the background of low acidity, the physician may prescribe diet No. 2, moderately stimulating the secretion of gastric juice and prescribing the use of many products.
The gastritis diet, which develops with low acidity, includes:
- low - fat first courses cooked in a secondary broth of meat, mushrooms or fish. You can add mashed vegetables;
- cereals of all cereals (except millet and pearl barley), cooked without oil;
- cooked, steamed or steamed vegetables;
- salads of ripe tomatoes or cooked vegetables;
- small amounts of sauerkraut;
- zucchini and eggplant caviar;
- fermented dairy products (several scientific studies have shown that probiotics in fermented dairy products are good helpers in the fight against Helicobacter pylori);
- cheese (preferably chopped) with omelette cheese;
- ripe sweet fruits;
- tea, cocoa, compote, diluted fruit and vegetable juices.
For this form of gastritis, the use of choleretic products is recommended - melons, citrus fruits, beets, sunflower oil, avocado, rosehip, turmeric, fresh herbs.
In the exacerbation phase, it is not desirable to include soups, legumes, hard-boiled chicken eggs, fresh, unprocessed vegetables, pickles in the diet. Fresh baked goods, fatty foods and salted fish products are also prohibited.
Diet for gastric gastritis: a high-acid diet
When a patient is diagnosed with gastritis, which develops against the background of high acidity, diet # 1 is prescribed. To monitor this, you will need:
- exclude from the menu fatty and fried foods that help activate the secretory function of the stomach. Avoid tea and caffeinated beverages;
- exclude annoying foods from the menu - citrus fruits, pickled vegetables, pickles, chocolate and alcoholic beverages;
- increase the content of protein products while reducing fatty products (some meat and fish dishes, desserts with cream, high-fat butter, fatty dairy products);
- take food at least five times a day and a single dose should not exceed 200 g;
- refrain from eating hot or too cold foods that can irritate the mucous membranes. You can enjoy extremely hot meals;
- use only cooked, steamed or fried foods;
- limits the use of poorly combined foods (proteins with carbohydrates) in a meal. Otherwise, it can provoke the onset of fermentation and decomposition processes;
- diet for gastritis allows the use of potato juice, oat broth, bananas and baked sweet apples.
The gastritis diet, developed in a high-acid background, allows the use of:
- first courses cooked in water or secondary broth with the addition of buckwheat or oatmeal;
- mashed vegetable soups with the addition of well-cooked chicken;
- wheat bread (better than yesterday);
- buns without yeast, chilled cottage cheese pie, fruit or minced meat;
- poultry meat without skin, beef, rabbit. After the patient's condition has improved, the doctor may allow the lump meat fried in the foil to be on the menu;
- light homemade milk sauces;
- fish balls, slices or dumplings;
- vegetable dishes with herbs;
- dairy products and soups, jellies, cans made therefrom;
- up to three soft-boiled eggs per day;
- processed berries in the form of beverages or foams;
- for sunflower oil salads.
In the case of gastric diseases, treatment requires mandatory adherence to the drinking system. The patient should drink at least one and a half liters of clear non-carbonated water per day. To this you can add sweet tea, compote, jelly and diluted juice.